As electronic waste and hazardous chemicals continue to pose a threat to human health and the environment, there has been a noticeable increase in demand for RoHS Certification in India. Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) was introduced in February 2003 by the European Union to reduce the use of harmful substances and their environmental impact. In this blog post, we will explore the ins and outs of RoHS Certification in India, its importance, process, and benefits. Read on to find out how RoHS Certification can help reduce heavy metal poisoning and improve the reliability and brand name of your products in the market.
A. Definition of ROHS Certification
ROHS Certification is a certification that declares that a product or material meets the requirements of the RoHS Directive. The RoHS Directive, also known as the Restriction of Hazardous Substances, was established by the European Union in February 2003 to restrict the implementation of some hazardous substances found in most electrical and electronic products. The directive took effect on July 1, 2006, and was essential to be administered and become law in each member state. RoHS helps in restricting certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment, aimed at bringing down the use of harmful substances and reducing the environmental effect and health impacts of electronics. Demonstrating RoHS Certification in India helps organizations avoid restrictions related to hazardous elements from their electrical/electronic devices, ensuring users’ safety. RoHS Certification is mandatory if you want to sell electronic products in EU Nations. RoHS provide traceability for product safety restricted the use of Hazardous substances. In India, RoHS Certification is vital to protecting human health and the environment from the harmful effects of electronic products.
B. Importance of ROHS Certification in India
The use of electronic products has increased dramatically in India over the years, posing a serious threat to both the environment and human health. With the rapid technological advancements in electronics, we also face an alarming increase in electronic waste. The importance of ROHS certification in India cannot be overstressed – it restricts the use of specific hazardous substances found in electrical and electronic products. The prohibited materials are extremely hazardous to the environment and cause damage to landfills. It is critical to choose a company that takes ROHS certification seriously and can provide ISO9001 certification for RoHS-compliant manufacturing facility. Obtaining RoHS certification is not only necessary to comply with legal regulations, but it also helps to reduce heavy metal poisoning and improve the reliability and brand value of the product in the market. With ROHS certification, companies can produce safer products, create better relationships with clients, and establish their brand name in the international market. Hence, it is high time we understand the importance of ROHS certification and take necessary steps to obtain it.
C. Purpose of the blog
The purpose of this blog is to provide readers with a comprehensive guide to ROHS certification in India. We will begin by defining what this certification is, why it is important, and the history behind it. We will then dive into the nitty-gritty details of the certification process, from the requirements and restrictions to the testing procedures, and on-site inspections necessary for compliance. Furthermore, we will also cover the relationship between ROHS certification and Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) and discuss the regulations regarding ROHS certification in India. Our aim is to provide readers with a clear understanding of the certification, why it is essential, and how to obtain it to ensure the safety of their electrical or electronic products. By breaking down each section and using factual data to support our writing, we hope to make the content easy to digest and useful for those looking to achieve ROHS compliance.
II. What is ROHS Certification
A. History and background of ROHS Certification
ROHS Certification has a fascinating history that begins in the European Union, where Directive 2002/95/EC was created in 2002 to restrict the use of six hazardous materials found in electrical and electronic products. The ultimate goal of the directive was to improve environmental protection and preserve human health. It has since expanded to impact the entire electronics industry, and many electrical products now fall under its purview. As a result, any applicable product in the EU market must pass RoHS compliance. Directive 2011/65/EU, known as RoHS-Recast or RoHS 2, was published in 2011 and adds new categories as well as compliance recordkeeping requirements. RoHS 3, which is Directive 2015/863, debuted later and brings four additional restricted phthalates to the list of six. With the rapid spread of digitization, the world’s production of electrical and electronic devices has exploded. ROHS Certification ensures that these devices meet health and safety standards while preserving the environment.
B. Meaning and requirements of ROHS Certification
ROHS Certification is a crucial requirement in the manufacturing industry, especially in electronic product manufacturing. It is a certification that restricts the use of hazardous materials in the production process of electrical and electronic goods. The meaning of ROHS Certification lies in its ability to ensure the safety of the manufactured product and its positive impact on the environment and human health. The requirements for ROHS Certification include a restriction on the use of hazardous substances such as Lead, Mercury, Cadmium, Bis (2-Ethylhexyl) phthalate, and more. Any company that wants to get ROHS certification must comply with these requirements. The latest compliant requirements are based on the 2018 version of the standard. The process of getting ROHS certification involves testing, either on-site or through XRF testing or lab phthalate solvent extraction testing, to determine the values of the ten restricted ROHS substances. Inspecting all manufacturing processes used towards ROHS compliance on-site is mandatory. Getting ROHS Certification is a vital necessity for companies working in electronic devices and dealing with hazardous substances, especially in India, as electronic waste is increasing, and the environment and human health are at risk.
C. Complete process of obtaining ROHS Certification
The process of obtaining ROHS certification can seem daunting at first, but it is actually a straightforward process. The first step is to identify the scope of certification and provide information about the organization’s processes, legal obligations, and other relevant details. After that, a quotation is prepared based on the requirements of mandays and multi-site activities, and the audit team is appointed. Next, there is an initial certification audit (stage 1 and stage 2), which involves evaluating the location and site-specific conditions of the organization, as well as reviewing its status and understanding of the standard’s requirements. The management system documentation and internal audits are also reviewed during this process. Once the certification decision has been made, a report is prepared and discussed with the client to plan for subsequent audits. Throughout this entire process, ROHS ensures that all requirements are met and that the organization is compliant with the relevant ISO standards. By obtaining ROHS certification, organizations can rest assured that their products are safe and free from hazardous substances.
III. Prohibited Substances and Exempted Products
A. List of substances prohibited under ROHS Certification
ROHS Certification is an essential compliance requirement for manufacturers of electrical and electronic equipment, medical devices, and monitoring and control instruments. The certification restricts the use of hazardous substances like Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDE), Polybrominated Biphenyls (PBB), Hexavalent Chromium (CrVI), Cadmium (Cd), Mercury (Hg), and others. These substances pose a significant threat to human health and the environment. Lead, for example, is a known human carcinogen that affects the nervous and renal systems. This certification requires manufacturers to replace these chemicals in their products with less hazardous alternatives. Some substances are exempted, like lead in specific applications up until 2024, but they must comply with the prescribed levels of restricted substances. ROHS Certification compliance requires technical documentation to assess the product’s conformity to the relevant requirements and specification of the applicable requirements. Manufacturers should willingly adhere to these standards as they provide access to a market comprising 500 million consumers, and medical devices bearing the CE marking achieve faster regulatory review and approval in other global markets.
B. Exempted products under ROHS Certification
Under the ROHS certification, there are certain products that are exempted from the restrictions. These products include those that do not rely on electricity as their main source of energy and those whose primary function does not require the use of electricity. Additionally, sub-assemblies or components of exempted product categories and products that support micro, small, and medium-sized manufacturing and service firms are also exempted. The purpose of these exclusions is to avoid unnecessary restrictions that could hinder the growth and development of certain industries and to encourage innovation. It is important to note that these exemptions are largely application or industry dependent and require evaluation and confirmation of the status of documents and the scope of testing required. RoHS certification may only be valid for five years and re-certification may be required if a product undergoes various changes like design, raw material or sourcing procedures. In conclusion, while there are certain exemptions, it is always important to strive for the reduction of hazardous substances in electronic products to protect our environment and health.
IV. Evaluation Process for ROHS Certification
A. Testing procedures for ROHS Compliance
Obtaining ROHS certification is crucial for electronic equipment manufacturers who want to sell their products in the EU market. ROHS compliance testing ensures that their products do not contain restricted chemicals such as lead, cadmium, and mercury, which could be harmful to consumers and the environment. RoHS compliance testing involves evaluating the values of the 10 prohibited RoHS chemicals through on-site or XRF testing and confirming that the evaluation of the product has been done as per the directive 2011/65/EU. Testing is carried out as per harmonized standards like EN 62321: 2009 and EN 62474:2012. Experts in RoHS compliance testing, such as TÜV SÜD in India, offer guidance on relevant regulations, provide advisory on how to apply the CE mark to products, and conduct a wide range of tests to identify hazardous substances in products and supply chains. This one-stop solution helps businesses take their RoHS compliant products to market faster, improve product reliability and efficiency, and create long-term business relationships with clients in the EU market.
B. On-site inspection of manufacturing processes for ROHS Compliance
To ensure that an organization is meeting the requirements set out by the ROHS certification, an on-site inspection of all applicable manufacturing processes used towards ROHS compliance is conducted. This step ensures that the organization is following the measures required to reduce the use of harmful substances in electronic equipment and is also contributing to reducing environmental and health impacts. The auditing procedure includes a review of materials used, comparing them to the control of forbidden substances and a full factory inspection that includes quality management. Some auditing firms undertake annual follow-ups which may include sampling to check compliance. By conducting on-site inspections, organizations can detect any non-compliances and make necessary changes to ensure their products are not hazardous to human health or the environment. Overall, on-site inspection is a key step towards obtaining and maintaining ROHS certification, as it ensures that manufacturing processes are carried out safely, and all necessary measures are taken to reduce the use of hazardous substances in electronic equipment.
C. Review of goods and factory inspection for quality management
To ensure quality management and compliance with regulations, a review of goods and a full factory inspection is necessary for suppliers seeking ROHS certification in India. This auditing procedure involves reviewing the goods to control the presence of forbidden substances and conducting a thorough inspection of the factory. Poor factory conditions, insufficient environmental controls, and non-compliance with a global quality assurance standard are some of the key risks that can arise when sourcing from India. Therefore, engaging a reputable third-party audit and inspection company like QIMA can help businesses secure quality at every phase of their production and ensure supplier compliance with ROHS and other mandatory regulations. QIMA’s quality control presence in the major Indian production hubs can help manufacturers and importers with ethical conduct and environmental protection efforts, making it the perfect partner for companies that source from India.
VI. ROHS Certification and WEEE
A. Relationship between ROHS Certification and Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE)
ROHS Certification and Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) are closely related. While RoHS Certification regulates the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment, WEEE deals with the disposal of these same products. In India, electronic waste is becoming a major concern due to the increasing demand for electronic products. The Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF) and the Government of India implemented the Restriction of Hazardous Substance, which addresses both the presence of hazardous substances in electronics and their waste. RoHS and WEEE are combined under this Indian regulation, which provides guidelines for the proper collection, storage, transit, import, and export of electronic and electrical equipment. The goal of this legislation is to ensure that electronic waste is recycled, treated, and disposed of in an environmentally friendly manner. The RoHS certification process starts with testing to evaluate the level of substances present below the RoHS threshold or not. Once a product undergoes various changes, re-certification is required. Finally, understanding the importance of RoHS certification is crucial, as it helps in reducing heavy metal poisoning, improving the reliability, and building a better brand image of the product in the market.
B. Regulations regarding ROHS Certification in India
In India, the government has implemented rules and regulations regarding ROHS certification to ensure that electronic products that are being manufactured and imported in the country are compliant with the RoHS directive. The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) and the Government of India have implemented the Restriction of Hazardous Substance which is known as Electronic waste in India. Companies that produce or import electronic products in India are subject to WEEE or RoHS responsibilities depending on their size and the type of imported devices. It is important to note that RoHS compliance is required for products components that are sold directly to EU nations, as well as resellers, distributors, or integrators who sell to EU countries. Companies who wish to obtain ROHS certification must undergo testing and inspection procedures in order to prove their compliance. The ROHS certification remains valid for 5 years and must be renewed if any changes are made to the product or manufacturing process. By following the regulations set in India, companies can ensure that their electronic products are safe for both the environment and human health.
VII. Documents required for ROHS Certification in India
1. Declaration of Conformity (DoC) – a statement confirming that the product complies with ROHS standards.
2. Bill of Material (BOM) – a list of all the components used in the production of the product.
3. Circuit diagram and schematic – a technical drawing that displays the circuits and their components.
4. Test Reports – validating that the product is free from restricted substances.
5. Environmental Management Program (EMP) – documents the approach taken by the company to promote environmentally responsible operations.
6. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) – a document that includes information on the chemical substances used in the product.
VIII. Advantages of ROHS Certification in India:
1. Positive Impact on the environment.
2. Improved public perception and brand image.
3. Compliance with international standards.
4. Cost efficiency and operational benefits from waste reduction.
5. Access to international markets.
IX. Disadvantages of ROHS Certification in India:
1. The compliance process can be time-consuming and expensive.
2. The cost of the testing and certification process.
3. The need to maintain ongoing compliance with changing regulations.
X. Process of ROHS Certification in India:
1. Identify the applicable standards and requirements.
2. Review product documentation and specification.
3. Identify and document all restricted substances used in the product.
4. Perform testing and analysis on the product, if necessary.
5. Create a Declaration of Conformity.
6. Submit application and supporting documentation to a certification body.
7. Review and approval by the certification body.
8. Obtain certification and maintain ongoing compliance.
XI. Types of ROHS Certification in India:
1. Self-Declaration – a statement made by the manufacturer that the product complies with ROHS regulations.
2. Third-Party Testing and Certification – conducted by an independent testing laboratory.
3. Supplier Declaration of Conformity – a statement made by the supplier that the product complies with ROHS regulations.
XII. Frequently Asked Questions about ROHS Certification in India:
1. What is ROHS Certification?
ROHS certification is a certification process that verifies that a product complies with environmental protection standards.
2. Who needs ROHS Certification?
Any company that manufactures or sells electronic products.
3. What are some examples of products that require ROHS Certification?
Electronic and electrical equipment like computers, cameras, mobile phones, refrigerators, toasters, and television sets.
4. What does ROHS stand for?
ROHS stands for Restriction of Hazardous Substances.
5. Is ROHS compliance mandatory in India?
Yes, ROHS compliance is mandatory in India.
6. How long does it take to obtain ROHS Certification in India?
The time taken for obtaining ROHS Certification varies based on the certification body, the complexity of the product, and the completeness of the application and supporting documents.
7. What are some common restricted substances?
Examples of restricted substances are lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls, and polybrominated diphenyl ethers.
8. Why is ROHS Certification important?
It ensures that electronic products are safe and free from toxic substances, which helps protect the environment and public health.
9. Can a product be sold without ROHS Certification in India?
No, electronic products that do not meet ROHS standards cannot be sold in India.
10. How often do I need to renew my ROHS Certification in India?
ROHS Certification is valid for a certain period. The period of the validity of the certification depends on the certification body and the certification program.