CA, CS, CMA, Advocates are available for Free Consultation!!!

   +91 85400-99000   A98, Nanhey Park, Uttam Nagar, New Delhi, India

Trademark Objection in India

Are you a business owner or entrepreneur looking to protect your brand identity in India? The process of trademark registration may seem straightforward, but sometimes, an objection can arise when trying to register your trademark. These objections can delay the registration process, costing you valuable time and money. In this post, we will explore trademark objection in India, its causes, and what steps you can take to overcome it. Read on to learn all you need to know about navigating trademark objection in India.

1. Understanding Trademark Objection in India

Trademark objection in India is a process that occurs after the registrar has approved a trademark request based on distinctiveness. It is not the same thing as a denial, as the registrar is seeking an explanation or reason regarding the trademark and registration. If there is a trademark objection, an extensive response must be submitted within one month from the date of publication. There are a variety of reasons for trademark objection, such as if the trademark is too similar to an existing trademark, offensive, lacks originality, and more. Any person can file an opposition to a trademark, regardless of their personal or commercial concern in the matter. Within four months of the first publication date, anyone is entitled to file a formal contest to the trademark, which is published on the website of the trademark magazine. The trademark application is considered abandoned if the trademark owner does not submit a counter statement within two months of receiving the notice of opposition. A hearing is held where the registrar decides whether the challenge was successful based on a review of evidence and an audition between both sides. 

2. Steps to File a Trademark Objection Reply

In order to file a Trademark Objection Reply in India, the first step is to thoroughly read the objection notice and analyze the grounds of objection. The reply must be filed within a period of two months from the date of receiving the objection notice. The applicant must file a counter statement to the trademark objection process and the registrar will then file for a hearing. During the hearing, the applicant can provide proof and other documents to support their point. If the registrar rules in favor of the opposing party, the applicant can appeal to the Intellectual Property Appellate Board. The counter must be filed within three months from the date of passing the order, and if there are any delays, the applicant should explain the reason along with a fine. The filing process must be carried out in accordance with the IPAB’s rules and regulations. All documentation must be verified and endorsed by the deputy registrar. If defects are found with the application, the applicant must make the corresponding changes and submit them within two months. Based on the provided documentation, the IPAB will ultimately decide the case.

3. Required Documentation for Trademark Objection

In order to file a trademark objection in India, certain documentation is required. These include the trademark application number, the trademark examination report, the objection notice, and a response to the objection notice. Additionally, any relevant evidence or proof to counter the objections raised must also be submitted. It is important to ensure that all documentation submitted is accurate and complete. Incomplete or incorrect forms, such as Form TM-48 for power of attorney, can also lead to objections. Furthermore, the applicant’s business address must also be correctly provided on Form TM-16. In cases where vague specifications of goods or services have been provided, it is necessary to file a request on Form TM-16 to provide exact details. Correcting these errors and providing the necessary documentation can help in overcoming trademark objections in India. 

4. Reasons for Trademark Objection in India

Trademark objections can be raised for various reasons in India. One of the most common reasons for an objection is the incorrect filing of the trademark application form. For instance, if the application is made on form TM-1 for certification mark, an objection may be raised by the Trademark Examiner and the form of the application should be corrected as TM-4. Another reason for objection is the incorrect name of the trademark applicant or the failure to file Form TM-48 (Trademark Application) accurately. If the specification of goods or services is too vague or wide, an objection can be raised. Moreover, if the trademark exhibits any likeness or similarity to an existing trademark, an objection can be made under section 11(1) of the Trade Marks Act. Lastly, if the trademark applied doesn’t have a unique character, it could result in an objection. These reasons for trademark objections can cause a significant delay in the registration process, hence it is essential for businesses to ensure that all the details in their application are accurate to avoid any objections. 

5. How to Overcome a Trademark Objection

Facing a trademark objection can be daunting, but there are several steps businesses can take to overcome this hurdle. The first and most crucial step is to thoroughly review and understand the reason(s) for the objection. Once an understanding is established, a reply must be filed within the stipulated time period, typically one month from receipt of the objection notice. It is important to craft a well thought out reply addressing each ground of objection as outlined by the trademark examiner. Providing evidence and arguments to support the uniqueness and distinctiveness of the mark in question can help to strengthen the case. In some cases, amending the mark by modifying or deleting certain elements may help to overcome an objection. It is also important to ensure that the reply is filed in the correct format and manner as required by the trademark authorities. Seeking the guidance of an experienced trademark attorney can prove invaluable in navigating this process. With the right approach and strategy, businesses can successfully overcome a trademark objection and secure their valuable brand identity. 

6. Differences Between Trademark Objection and Opposition

Trademark objection and opposition are two different proceedings in the trademark registration process. The trademark registration application may face an objection from the examiner if it violates the Act and rules. This objection is raised immediately after submission of the application. On the other hand, trademark opposition comes after the stage of trademark objection. It is raised by any third party after the proposed trademark is published in the trademark journal. The purpose of objection is to seek clarification or explanation from the applicant regarding the trademark. However, the opposition is raised to prevent a person from using an identical or similar trademark that may create confusion among the public. The examiner raises objection in the form of an examination report, while a third party files opposition in the form of a notice of opposition. The response time for objection is one month, while for opposition it is two months. An applicant can file an appeal against the objection decision, while in case of opposition, the decision is communicated to the parties. Knowing the difference between objection and opposition is crucial when dealing with the trademark registration process in India. 

7. Trademark Opposition after Objection

After a trademark registration application has gone through the stage of objection, it is published in the trademarks journal. This publication allows third parties to review the trademark and file a trademark opposition. The purpose of trademark opposition is to prevent the use of an identical or similar trademark that may cause confusion among the public and result in unjust gain for the owner of the similar trademark. Trademark opposition can be filed by anyone who believes that the proposed mark might cause confusion or mislead the public. The grounds for trademark opposition include an already registered trademark with similar or identical traits, lack of distinctive character, improper information in the application, bad faith application, matters likely to hurt religious feelings, among others. The opposition process has a time limit of three months, which may be extended by a month, after the trademark advertisement in the Trade Marks Journal. The application can be opposed by filing a notice of opposition with evidence and reasons for the opposition. The trademark applicant must file a counter statement within two months of receiving the opposition notice, after which the hearing is held based on the evidence presented. The registrar hears the case and rules on whether the opposition was successful or not. A dissatisfied party may appeal the decision to the Intellectual Property Appellate Board. 

8. Impact of Trademark Objection on Business

Trademark objection can have a significant impact on a business in India. It can delay the registration process, which can result in a delay in launching the products or services in the market. It can also lead to legal disputes, which can be time-consuming and costly. Moreover, it can have an adverse effect on the brand’s reputation. Customers may develop a negative perception of the brand if they see it involved in legal battles. Additionally, it can limit the ability of the business to expand into new markets. Without proper protection, there is a risk of brand identity theft, which can harm the business. Therefore, it is crucial to respond to trademark objections in a timely and appropriate manner. By doing so, businesses can protect their brand identity, gain consumer trust and loyalty, and avoid legal troubles. Overall, trademark objection can be a significant challenge for businesses, but by taking the necessary steps, they can overcome it and continue to grow and succeed. 

9. Cost Involved in Trademark Objection Process

Trademark objection can be a costly process for businesses, especially for small ones. The cost involved in trademark objection process includes government fees, legal fees, and professional charges. TheThe cost involved in the trademark objection process varies depending on several factors such as the complexity of the objection and the number of responses required to satisfy the registrar’s requirements. The government fee for filing a response to a trademark objection is approximately INR 9000. In addition to government fees, applicants may find it necessary to engage the services of a trademark attorney or agent, which will increase the cost. Private agents’ fees vary depending on their experience level, location and reputation. Some agents charge fixed fees, while others charge hourly rates. It’s therefore important to do some research and choose an agent whose fee structure fits the applicant’s budget. When choosing an agent, applicants should also consider their experience, knowledge of trademark law, and ability to respond to objections. In general, the cost of responding to a trademark objection can range from INR 5000 to INR 30000 or more depending upon the circumstances. While this can be a significant expense for small businesses and individual applicants, it’s important to remember that trademark registration provides legal protection for the brand, which can be valuable in the long run. 

10. Importance of Trademark Registration for Businesses

Trademark registration is crucial for businesses, as it helps them protect their unique brand identity. By registering a trademark, companies acquire individual rights to use, distribute, or assign a mark. This legal procedure provides ownership of the logo or name and restricts others from using it without permission. Trademark registration can also prove to be valuable assets for a company, as it appreciates over time and establishes ownership over the brand name or logo. Moreover, a registered trademark distinguishes the goods or services of one person from those of others, enhances brand recognition, and builds a loyal customer base. It also provides physical confirmation of the quality of products or services, which benefits in acquiring new clients based on their trust in the brand. Overall, trademark registration is an essential step for businesses looking to protect their unique brand identity and maintain a competitive edge in the market. 

11. Frequently Asked Questions about Trademark Objection in India

1. What is a trademark objection in India?

A trademark objection is a situation where the trademark examiner raises certain questions/objections to facilitate proper and flawless registration of a filed trademark/service mark.

2. What are some common grounds for objections raised by the trademark examiner?

Some common grounds for objections include lack of indubitable distinctiveness, striking and serious similarities with previously registered or currently pending trademarks, possibility of hurting religious sentiments, use of offensive or obscene words/images, and use of geographical or international proprietary names.

3. What happens if the applicant fails to respond to objections raised by the trademark examiner within 30 days?

If the applicant does not respond to the objections within 30 days, the application for registration of the trademark can be abandoned, and the Registrar will not process the application.

4. Is trademark objection the same as trademark opposition?

No. Trademark objection is raised by the trademark examiner, while trademark opposition is raised by any third-party, such as a company owning a similar trademark or any person who feels that registration of the proposed trademark may harm their business or the public at large.

5. What happens when a trademark is objected or opposed?

In case of objection or opposition, the disputing affairs are sorted out before giving final permission for registration of the proposed trademark.

6. How can an applicant check the status of their trademark registration application?

The Indian government offers online assistance for tracking down the status of trademark registration applications. Applicants can fill out their application number and check the status online.

7. What is the format for replying to trademark objections?

The applicant must file a trademark objection response in support of their favor. The response must address the reasons and grounds of raising objection against the trademark.

8. What happens if the registrar objects to the trademark?

If the registrar objects to the trademark, the applicant will receive an examination report with the grounds of raising objection against the trademark. The applicant must file a response in support of their favor within 30 days.