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Annual Compliance of NBFC company

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Annual Compliance of NBFC Company

The Indian financial sector heavily relies on Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) as they offer credit and financial services. These entities have to follow multiple compliance regulations to ensure transparency, maintain prudential norms, and protect the interests of stakeholders. This article discusses the annual compliance requirements that NBFCs in India have to meet. Fulfilling these standards is critical to maintaining regulatory compliance, and brand reputation, and achieving sustained growth.

1. Regulatory Framework for NBFCs

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is responsible for regulating Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) in India by the RBI Act of 1934 and the guidelines that it issues periodically. The regulatory framework covers crucial elements.

1.1 One must attain a Certificate of Registration (CoR) from RBI to begin operations as NBFCs. This includes meeting the necessary criteria, submitting an application with the required documentation, and paying the fees set forth.

1.2. Regulations on Financial Caution: Non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) are required to follow specific regulations on maintaining adequate capital, categorizing assets, setting aside reserves, and limiting the extent of risk. These regulations are in place to safeguard the financial stability and risk assessment of NBFCs.

To comply with RBI regulations, non-banking financial corporations are required to provide the RBI with a range of reports regularly. These reports may include financial statements for each quarter, monthly returns detailing key figures, and reports outlining any significant events or transactions.

NBFCs must adhere to RBI regulations, including guidelines on Fair Practices, Know Your Customer (KYC) policies, Anti-Money Laundering (AML) rules, and procedures for addressing customer complaints.

2. Annual Financial Statements

To adhere to accounting standards and ensure clarity in financial information, NBFCs must create and present annual financial statements. Crucial elements of these statements entail:

The NBFC’s financial status at the end of the fiscal year is depicted in the balance sheet, which includes assets, liabilities, and shareholders’ equity.

The Profit and Loss Account displays details about the NBFC’s income, expenditures, and the resulting net profit or loss for the current financial year.

The cash flow statement displays the monetary flow of cash and its equivalent forms into and out of an organization throughout the fiscal year. It is divided into three key activities, namely, operating, investing, and financing.

To offer further insight and clarification regarding particular items in the financial statements, it is necessary to include notes alongside them.

The financial statements must undergo an audit conducted by a certified auditor, who will provide a verdict on the precision and conformity of the financial statements with the established accounting principles.

3. Statutory Audits and Reporting

To comply with relevant laws and regulations, NBFCs must complete regular audits and reporting. Statutory audits and reporting entail several important components:

To comply with regulatory requirements, Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) need to hire an experienced outside auditor to perform an official review of their financial statements. The auditor will analyze financial records and transactions and ensure adherence to relevant regulations.

The external auditor is required to provide a report on the audit, as well as a certificate regarding adherence to regulatory standards, to the RBI. This report must be submitted within six months after the completion of the financial year.

NBFCs are required to create an internal audit system that evaluates their internal controls, risk management procedures, and adherence to regulatory guidelines regularly.

NBFCs must provide several reports to the RBI, such as the Auditors’ Report on the Financial Statements, the Asset-Liability Management (ALM) returns, and the Certificate of Net Owned Funds (NOF).

4. Annual Return Filing

Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) have to submit an annual report to the Registrar of Companies (RoC), which includes vital details about the company’s activities and administration. Significant factors that are involved in the submission of the annual report are:

NBFCs are required to submit a document known as Form AOC-4, which comprises their financial statements, report from directors, and report from auditors, to the RoC within 30 days starting from the day of the AGM.

NBFCs must submit Form MGT-7 within 60 days from the AGM, which should contain information regarding the registered office address, directors, and key managerial personnel.

NBFCs are required to present multiple reports to the RBI, including the Annual Return on Prudential Norms, the Annual Return on Foreign Liabilities and Assets (FLA), and the KYC/AML Compliance Report.

5. Other Compliance Requirements

Apart from the mentioned conformities, non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) also have to adhere to additional compliance requirements. These may encompass significant segments of compliance.

Non-bank financial institutions are required to adhere to regulations related to KYC and AML. This necessitates the maintenance of accurate records of customer identification, verification, and transaction monitoring to prevent the illegal activities of money laundering and financing terrorism.

To provide excellent customer service, NBFCs must set up a system to handle grievances and swiftly address any complaints that may arise.

To ensure risk management and internal control, NBFCs must establish strong frameworks and control systems to manage, evaluate, and address the diverse risks related to their business activities.

It is required for Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) to adhere to guidelines related to corporate governance, which includes adhering to requirements for the structure of the board of directors, disclosing relevant information, and managing transactions with related parties.

Adherence to regulations that are specific to certain sectors, such as housing finance, microfinance, or vehicle finance, might be necessary for Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) based on the nature of their operations.


NBFC enterprises in India must comply with annual regulatory requirements to uphold regulatory standards, sustain transparency, and safeguard stakeholders’ interests. These compliance obligations help NBFCs improve their governance practices, abide by prudential norms, and establish trust among investors, customers, and regulators. To ensure long-lasting success and development, NBFCS needs to take proactive actions toward compliance, such as preparing financial statements, conducting mandatory audits, submitting annual reports, and following relevant laws and regulations

Frequently asked questions

1. What are the annual compliance requirements for an NBFC?

Annual compliance requirements for NBFCs typically include filing of financial statements, annual returns, maintenance of statutory registers, adherence to prudential norms, and compliance with regulatory reporting requirements set forth by the regulatory authority governing NBFCs in the respective jurisdiction.

2. Who regulates NBFCs and sets the compliance standards?

In India, NBFCs are regulated by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). The RBI issues guidelines and regulations pertaining to the operations, governance, and compliance requirements for NBFCs.

3. What documents need to be filed annually by an NBFC?

The primary documents to be filed annually typically include:

  • Annual financial statements, including balance sheet, profit and loss account, and cash flow statement
  • Annual returns with the RBI
  • Auditor’s report
  • Compliance certificates
  • Any other reports or documents as required by the RBI or other regulatory authorities.
4. When should annual compliance activities be completed for NBFCs?

The deadlines for annual compliance activities for NBFCs are typically specified by the RBI or the regulatory authority governing NBFCs in the respective jurisdiction. NBFCs are required to adhere to the timelines prescribed by the regulator, which usually falls within a few months after the end of the financial year.

5. What are the consequences of non-compliance for NBFCs?

Non-compliance with regulatory requirements can have serious consequences for NBFCs, including penalties, fines, restrictions on business operations, cancellation of licenses, and reputational damage. It may also lead to adverse impacts on the stability and sustainability of the NBFC.

6. Who is responsible for ensuring annual compliance for an NBFC?

The board of directors, senior management, compliance officers, and other key personnel of the NBFC are collectively responsible for ensuring annual compliance. They must ensure that the company complies with all regulatory requirements and submits the necessary documents and reports within the prescribed timelines.

7. Can compliance requirements for NBFCs vary based on their activities or size?

Yes, compliance requirements for NBFCs may vary based on factors such as the nature of their activities (e.g., asset finance, loan finance, investment finance), size of the NBFC, and the specific regulations applicable to their business model. It’s essential for NBFCs to stay updated on regulatory developments and tailor their compliance efforts accordingly

8. Is it advisable to seek professional assistance for annual compliance for NBFCs?

Given the complexity of regulatory requirements and the potential consequences of non-compliance, it is advisable for NBFCs to seek professional assistance from legal, financial, or compliance experts. These professionals can provide guidance on interpreting regulatory requirements, preparing compliant reports, and navigating the compliance process effectively.

9. Where can I find more information about annual compliance requirements for my NBFC?

NBFCs should refer to the guidelines, circulars, and notifications issued by the RBI or the relevant regulatory authority governing NBFCs in their jurisdiction. Additionally, seeking guidance from legal advisors, industry associations, and professional consultants specializing in NBFC compliance can provide valuable insights and assistance with compliance obligations.


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