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FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions about EIA Registration in India

1. What is EIA registration?
EIA registration refers to the process through which industries, projects, or activities in India are required to obtain environmental clearance under the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Notification. It ensures that projects are assessed for their potential environmental impacts before they are given permission to operate.

2. Who needs to obtain EIA registration?
Any industry, project, or activity falling under the 29 categories listed in the EIA Notification, as amended from time to time, is required to obtain EIA registration. These categories cover a wide range of sectors such as mining, thermal power plants, infrastructure development, and chemical industries.

3. How does one apply for EIA registration?
To apply for EIA registration, the applicant needs to prepare an Environmental Impact Assessment report that assesses the potential environmental impacts of the proposed project. This report includes details about the project's location, plans, anticipated impacts, and mitigation measures. The report is then submitted to the relevant State or Union Territory Pollution Control Board.

4. What is the timeline for EIA registration approval?
The timeline for EIA registration approval varies depending on the category of the project and the complexity of its potential environmental impacts. Generally, the reviewing authorities have up to 105 days to approve or reject the application. However, the timeline may be extended if additional information is required or if public consultations are deemed necessary.

5. What happens if a project operates without EIA registration?
Operating a project without obtaining EIA registration is an offense under the law. It can lead to severe penalties, including fines, closure of the project, and criminal prosecution. It is essential to obtain the necessary environmental clearance before commencing operations to avoid legal and regulatory consequences.

6. Can the public participate in the EIA registration process?
Yes, the EIA registration process encourages public participation. It allows local communities, individuals, and other stakeholders to provide their feedback, express concerns, and raise objections regarding the proposed project's potential environmental impacts. Public consultations are conducted to facilitate this participation and ensure transparency in the decision-making process.

7. Can an EIA registration be revoked?
Yes, an EIA registration can be revoked if it is found that the information provided in the application was false or misleading, or if the project is found to be violating the conditions and mitigation measures specified in the environmental clearance. In such cases, the concerned authorities have the power to revoke the registration and take appropriate legal action.

8. Are there any exemptions from EIA registration?
Certain projects and activities falling under the EIA Notification may be exempted from obtaining EIA registration, subject to specific conditions. These exemptions are provided for projects like small-scale industries, expansion of existing units, and projects falling under certain categories with a lower environmental impact potential. However, it is crucial to verify the specific exemption criteria under the relevant regulations.

9. Are there any penalties for non-compliance with EIA regulations?
Yes, non-compliance with EIA regulations can result in significant penalties. These penalties can include hefty fines, closure of the project, and criminal prosecution, as deemed fit by the regulatory authorities. Compliance with environmental laws is essential to ensure sustainable development and protect the environment.

10. Can an EIA registration be transferred or amended?
An EIA registration can be transferred to a new owner or entity if the project undergoes a change in ownership. Similarly, minor amendments to the project, such as changes in the production capacity or technology, may require an amendment to the existing EIA registration. However, it is important to follow the prescribed procedures and obtain the necessary approvals before effecting any transfer or amendment. 

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