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FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions about Fertiliser License in India

1. What is a Fertiliser License?
A Fertiliser License is a legal authorization required by individuals or entities involved in the manufacturing, import, and sale of fertilisers in India. It ensures that the fertilisers produced or imported meet quality standards and are safe for use in agriculture.

2. Who needs a Fertiliser License?
Any person or entity engaged in the production, import, or sale of fertilisers in India needs to obtain a valid Fertiliser License. This includes manufacturers, importers, wholesalers, distributors, and retailers of fertilisers.

3. How can one obtain a Fertiliser License?
To obtain a Fertiliser License, the applicant must submit a duly completed application form along with the required documents to the concerned authority, which is the Department of Fertilisers under the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilisers. The application should provide details such as business profile, infrastructure, technical capabilities, storage facilities, and compliance with safety standards.

4. What are the different types of Fertiliser Licenses?
There are various types of Fertiliser Licenses, including manufacturing licenses, import licenses, dealership licenses, and wholesale or retail licenses. The type of license required depends on the specific activities involved in the fertiliser business.

5. What documents are required for obtaining a Fertiliser License?
The documents required for obtaining a Fertiliser License may vary, but generally include proof of identity, proof of address, company incorporation documents, a memorandum of association, certificate of analysis of the fertilisers, and a lease agreement or ownership documents for the storage facility, among others.

6. Are there any specific requirements for manufacturing fertilisers?
Yes, there are specific requirements for manufacturing fertilisers in India. Manufacturers must comply with the Fertiliser Control Order (FCO) guidelines, which pertain to the quality standards, labelling, packaging, and safety measures. The manufacturing facility should also meet the infrastructure and technical requirements outlined by the regulation.

7. Do fertiliser businesses need to renew their license?
Yes, fertiliser businesses need to renew their license periodically. The validity of a Fertiliser License is generally five years, after which it needs to be renewed to continue operating legally.

8. What happens if someone operates without a valid Fertiliser License?
Operating a fertiliser business without a valid Fertiliser License is considered illegal in India. It can result in legal consequences, fines, penalties, and even imprisonment. Additionally, products sold without a license may not be accepted in the market and can hinder business operations.

9. Can the Fertiliser License be transferred?
No, the Fertiliser License is not transferable. If a business changes ownership or location, the new owner or location must obtain a new license.

10. Where can one find additional information on Fertiliser Licenses?
For additional information on Fertiliser Licenses in India, individuals can visit the official website of the Department of Fertilisers ( or contact the concerned authority directly. They should also refer to the Fertiliser Control Order (FCO) guidelines for detailed regulations and requirements. 

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